Has India’s Hindu nationalist government mismanaged the country’s response to the coronavirus? | Political interviews by Tim Sebastian & Michel Friedman | DW | 01.07.2020
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Conflict Zone

Has India’s Hindu nationalist government mismanaged the country’s response to the coronavirus?

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi took drastic measures as the coronavirus pandemic was spreading, ordering a lockdown with just four hours’ notice. Millions were left stranded but new cases are still rising rapidly.

Watch video 26:06

Has the BJP bungled India's COVID-19 response?

India has had  some 600,000 COVID19 cases to date and nearly 20,000 deaths. The number of new cases is continuing to rapidly rise.

In March, Prime Minister Narendra Modi in response to the global pandemic ordered a massive lockdown of the country, giving its 1.3 billion people just four hours’ notice. The measures hit many of the country’s poor migrant workers hard, leaving many stranded without shelter, food or transportation.

National spokesman of Modi’s Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Sudhanshu Trivedi said no one was prepared for an unprecedented pandemic. Trivedi discussed the government’s response with DW’s Tim Sebastian for Conflict Zone.

“When this pandemic broke out in the month of January, there was only one level of laboratory which was capable of doing the test. Now there are hundreds.”

Trivedi said the country was not producing enough of its own personal protective equipment (PPE) for medical staff.

Indien Coronavirus | Ausbruch in Neu Delhi (Reuters/A. Abidi)

“There were low production of PPE kits, because they were not for mass production. They were used only in the hospitals, in the critical care unit section. Now we are equipped with the goods.”

But the BJP spokesman seemed to say nothing would have been adequate given the country’s size and scope of challenges.

“Seventy percent of the people live in rural areas. Where 27 percent is still illiterate. With 30 percent living below poverty line.”

After the lockdown began, millions of workers were left stranded with no food, shelter, money or means of transport.

 “This is a totally wrong fact,” said Trivedi.

… proper food has been provided to all those wearing the identity card,” he said.

Trivedi insisted the BJP government had provided economic assistance and financial support to help cope with the impact of COVID-19.

The government of India has provided a relief package equal to 10 percent of the GDP.

“Whether it is direct money, whether it is transportation costs, whether it is food, it is being provided free of cost by government.”

The ruling party’s national spokesman said some of the failures were at the regional government level: “Some state governments were unable to perform that much desired action,that has created a little bit of panic.”

“Central government tried to support them with money and resources,” Trivedi added.

Citizenship law

Sebastian also raised the issue of the BJP’s push to change the naturalization law and make it easier for refugees from neighboring countries to become Indian citizens, unless they are Muslim. The Citizenship Amendment Act was put forward by the Hindu nationalist BJP government, in what PM Modi called an effort to correct an “historical injustice.” The move was met with protests from rights groups which describe the legislation as discriminatory.

Watch video 03:45

Indian citizenship law brings protestors to the streets

“All other countries [in the region] are Islamic republics. It was incumbent on the part of us [as] the secular country, and the democratic country of this region, that we should give shelter to those who are religiously persecuted.”

Muslim Indian groups say the law could turn them into second-class citizens. The legislation led to violent protests. In February, the Delhi High Court asked why the police had not filed cases against BJP politicians who had advocated violence against demonstrators. 

Hate speech

Sebastian asked Trivedi why BJP politicians who had advocated violence were not sanctioned by the party. A BJP official in Dehli, Kapil Mishra, led a demonstration calling on people to shoot protesters who were against the new citizenship law. (DW LINK)

“No, it is wrong. He had never used the word shoot.”

The judge investigating the matterdescribed statements from four BJP politicians, including Mishra, as “hate mongering.” The judge was then moved.

“[The] transfer of the judges in India is not done by government,” Trivedi explained.

On the wider issue of the use of hate speech  “the biggest abuse is being used against the prime minister.”

China-India border clash


Watch video 01:26

India says 20 soldiers killed in clash with Chinese troops

Sebastian also asked for clarification on a recent deadly clash between Chinese and Indian troops in their disputed border region. Multiple casualties on both sides brought the two nuclear powers to the brink of war last month.  But where did it take place and what led to the escalation of violence?

“It happened on, near the Chinese, in the Chinese side, in the Chinese military control line, in the no man's land.”

Sebastian pressed Trivedi again for where the incident took place.

“There is an agreement that nobody should come, they tried to come, they were pushed back.”

Why not just say, clearly, the Chinese violated India’s border? Sebastian asked, adding whether India might be afraid of appearing weak for letting it happen.

Trivedi again did not answer clearly.

"They have captured a certain area of our territory in 1962. So in 58 years they are there in our territory. But now the defined position is their military boundary.”

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